Tennessee & Kentucky: Spring 2023

Spring 2023: 1 Mar–31 May

Graham Gerdeman

Recommended citation:

Gerdeman, G. 2023. Spring 2023: Tennessee & Kentucky. <https://wp.me/p8iY2g-h3E> North American Birds.

Temperatures throughout the region were about average overall, yet it was an average of highs and lows. The season began and ended several degrees warmer than normal, but was punctuated with snaps of unseasonably cold weather which drove down averages. There were 26 broken and 12 tied daily high temperature records for Tennessee in early April, yet most parts of the state ended the month under frost and freeze warnings. Precipitation-wise, the western parts of the region started wetter than normal. Most of the rain fell in a strong system that came through in the first week of March. The rest of the region began with more average rainfall and ended dry, with much lower than average precipitation. The end of the season saw several regions at or near drought conditions.

Notable in both states was an unprecedented influx of Limpkin sightings, as was the case across the Southeast and beyond. Other records of note in Kentucky included Trumpeter Swan, Cinnamon Teal, Western Grebe, Tricolored Heron, and both Plegadis ibises. Rarities in Tennessee included a pair of Mottled Ducks, King Rail, Ruff, Hudsonian Godwit in two counties, Little Gull, Arctic Tern, Prairie Falcon, and a first state record of Eastern Willet. Please note that inclusion in this report does not imply that a record has been reviewed or accepted by the relevant state’s records committee.

Sub-regional Compilers
Ronan O’Carra (Kentucky).

Abbreviations Duck River (Duck River Unit, Tennessee N. W. R., Humphreys, TN); Ensley (Ensley Bottoms, including the EARTH Complex and TVA Lake, in southwest Shelby, TN); Sauerheber (Sloughs WMA, Sauerheber Unit, Henderson, KY)

Waterfowl through Grebes

Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks were reported in 11 Tennessee counties and five in Kentucky. This species was isolated for many years in Shelby Co, southwest Tennessee, but is rapidly expanding its range. High counts (outside of Shelby Co) included 13 at Duck River on 1 May (Ruben Stoll), 12 in Pulaski Co, KY on 7 May (ph. Roseanna Denton, m.ob.), and seven in Henderson Co, KY on 20 April (David Stone). A Trumpeter Swan reported at Soddy Lake in Hamilton Co, TN from 31 Mar–8 Apr (ph. Daniel Jacobson, m.ob.) was a first for that county. A long-staying juvenile Trumpeter Swan in Oldham Co, KY continued from Winter and was joined by a second bird on 24 Apr (Anna Perry). The two were last reported on 27 May (ph. Anne Ensign). Tundra Swans were last reported for the season at Sauerheber on 23 Mar (ph. Charles Crawford) and at Watts Bar Lake, Roane Co, TN on 21 Mar (ph. Roger Kroodsma). A pair of Mottled Ducks found at Duck River on 31 May (ph. Daniel Redwine) represented the fourth record from this location since 2011. There are fewer than 25 records from the region.

There were four reports of Surf Scoter: Two on the Ohio River in Bracken Co, KY 14–20 Mar (ph. Thomas Czubek, m.ob.); two on Barren River Lake, Allen Co, KY on 31 Mar (ph. Rickey Shive); two at Mud Island in Shelby Co, TN on 17 Mar (Ruben Stoll); and one on J. Percy Priest Lake in Davidson Co, TN on 17 May (ph. Jim Arnett). Single White-winged Scoters were reported from separate locations in Hamilton Co, TN on 2 Mar (Bruce Dralle) and 22 Mar (Stefanie Whitson, Kristin Whitson). Four White-winged Scoters were reported further north in South Holston Lake, Sullivan Co, TN on 31 Mar (Debi Campbell fide Richard L. Knight). A single Black Scoter for the region came from a continuing overwintering bird on the Ohio River in Louisville, Jefferson Co, KY. It was last sighted on 18 Mar (David Bailey).

Only one Long-tailed Duck for the region was reported on the Ohio River from Hancock Co, KY 8–25 Mar (Kent LaGrange, ph. Sarajane Damin, m.ob.). Several records of multiple Common Mergansers in good territory represent possible breeding expansion in far Northeast TN: a male and female pair on the Watauga River in Carter Co on 12 Mar (ph. Debi Campbell), nine on the Nolichucky River, Washington Co on 10 Mar (Brookie Potter, Jean Potter), and a male and female pair on Doe Creek, Johnson Co on 15 Apr (ph. Julie Moore). Always a rare visitor, there were three Red-necked Grebe reports in TN: one found at Radnor Lake in Davidson Co on 28 Feb was reported daily until 6 Mar (Matthew Boling); another continuing bird in Knox Co stayed until last reported on 22 Mar (Jeremy Dotson); and one was found in Grainger Co on 4 Apr (ph. Dallas Herrell). Two continuing Eared Grebes were last reported on J. Percy Priest Lake in Davidson Co, TN on 23 Mar (ph. Steve Lasley). Additional single Eared Grebes were found at Concord Park, Knox Co, TN on 21 Mar (Jeremy Dotson); on South Holston Lake, Sullivan Co, TN on 17 Mar (Richard L. Knight); and on the Ohio River, Jefferson Co, KY on 25 Apr (ph. Brainard Palmer-Ball, Jr., m.ob.).

Doves through Limpkin

White-winged Doves have been very rare in recent years throughout most of the region, but they have occurred annually in both Lexington, KY and Memphis, TN since at least 2019. Up to two were reported from the downtown Lexington location, Fayette Co from 24 May (ph. Rex Graham, m.ob.), and a bird carrying nesting material in Memphis, Shelby Co on 6 May (ph. Ryan Pudwell) was notable. Only one other record was from a private yard in Sumner Co, TN on 31 Mar (ph. Mike Dillard). A lone Yellow Rail was flushed from the Chickasaw NWR Impoundments in Lauderdale Co, TN on 9 May (Daniel Redwine, Michael C. Todd), providing the only record from the region. Two records of King Rail in TN were welcome news of this once-regular breeder in the state. One was heard at Arlington Wetlands, Shelby Co on 29 Apr (Rob Harbin). Another was recorded at the Rossville Mitigation Site in Fayette Co on 30 Apr (au. Darrell Paulk, Brayden Paulk). Common Gallinules are rare but regular transients which were reported in several locations: one at Ensley on 23 Apr (Van Harris); one at Standifer Marsh Gap, Hamilton Co, TN from 29–30 Apr (Michael Ryon, ph. Stefanie Whitson, m.ob.); one at John Sevier Lake, Hawkins Co, TN from 12–13 May (ph. Susan Hubley); one in Roane Co, TN from 27–29 May (au. Roger Kroodsma, au. Pat Phillips); one at Reelfoot NWR, Obion Co, TN on 30 May (Daniel Redwine); and finally one at Sauerheber from 3–4 and 9 May (ph. Jeremy Teague, David Stone, m.ob.).

As in several surrounding regions, formerly range-restricted Limpkins made a stunning surge into ours. Following a first KY state record last season, there were three reports during spring: One at Reelfoot NWR, Fulton Co on 30 April (ph. Ashley Owens) and again on 4 May (Derek Hudgins); one at Shelby Lake, Shelby Co 2–7 May (ph. Tom Lonergan, m.ob.); and one at John James Audubon SP, Henderson Co on 9 May (ph. Julia Farmer, David Stone). In Tennessee, there were multiple reports from five counties: one in a horse pasture in Shelby Co on 12 Apr (ph. Rob Harbin); one in Meeman-Shelby Forest, Shelby Co on 16 Apr (ph. Cliff Van Nostrand, m.ob.) and again on 27 Apr (ph. Jeffrey Hill); two were reported from Hatchie NWR, Haywood Co on 26 Apr (Bob Ford, m.ob.); two from White Lake Refuge, Dyer Co on 30 Apr (ph. Lisa Clifft) and continuing until 13 May (ph. Mark Greene, Michael C. Todd); one was reported in Tigrett WMA, Gibson Co on 3 May (ph. Mark Greene); one at Reelfoot NWR-Long Point Unit on 5 May (Mark Greene); and another at Reelfoot NWR-Grassy Island Unit on 24 May (ph. Haley Holiman). With as many Limpkins showing up in the region, it’s possible these reports were all of separate individuals!


Shorebirds were mostly unremarkable in numbers, though there were a few good rarities. Black-necked Stilts arrived early to the region. The earliest, one bird in Lake Co, TN on 6 Mar (ph. Daniel Redwine) beat the previous early arrival date for the state by ten days. Another early bird was reported just 4 days later in Shelby Co, TN on 10 Mar (ph. Jim Verner, Perry Larimer). Two Upland Sandpipers were found at Lake Isom NWR, Lake Co, TN on 13 Apr (Mark Greene). Another was found in Shelby Co, TN from 5–6 May (ph. Ryan Pudwell, m.ob.). Always rare to the region, a Whimbrel was found in White Lake Refuge of Dyer Co, TN on 9 May (Mark Greene). Three more Whimbrels were found at Old Hickory Lake, Davidson Co, TN on 20 May (ph. Michael Smith, m.ob.). Also rare visitors, up to three Hudsonian Godwits were found at Ensley, with two reported on 16 Apr (ph. PJ Pulliam, m.ob.) and joined by a third on 17 Apr (ph. Paige Oneal, m.ob.). They continued until last reported on 2 May (ph. Sam Wilson). Two Hudsonian Godwits were also found at Chickasaw NWR, Lauderdale Co, TN on 9 May (ph. Michael C. Todd, Daniel Redwine). Marbled Godwits were reported in both states: a single bird at the Falls of the Ohio, Jefferson Co, KY on 21 Apr (ph. Brainard Palmer-Ball, Jr., m.ob.); Four at Chickasaw NWR, Lauderdale Co, TN on 21 Apr (ph. Ruben Stoll); and one at the Tennessee NWR in Henry Co, TN on 22 Apr (ph. John Hewlett).

Two Red Knots north of Uniontown, Union Co, KY from 20–21 May (ph. David Stone, m.ob.) constituted only a fifth spring record for Kentucky. One adult Ruff at Owl Hoot Road Transient Ponds in Lake Co, TN on 28 Mar (ph. Mark Greene) was the only report for the region. Three Sanderlings were reported in the region: one in Davidson Co, TN on 8 May (ph. Ruben Stoll, m.ob.); another at Cross Creeks NWR, Stewart Co, TN on 12 May (ph. Joe Hall); and a third at Horse Pond Slough, Henderson Co, KY on 19 May (David Stone). A new TN state high count of 135 Short-billed Dowitchers was set at Chickasaw NWR, Lauderdale Co on 13 May (Ruben Stoll, Victor Stoll, Obed Frixzen). A count of 200 Willets in Hamilton Co, TN on 4 May (Ted Caldwell, Bruce Dralle) appears to be the second highest count on record for the state. Arguably the most remarkable record of the season (barring possibly the Limpkin invasion) was not of a full species, but that of an Eastern Willet (T. s. semipalmata) amongst a flock of Western Willets at J. Percy Priest Lake in Nashville, Davidson Co, TN on 5 May (ph. Graham Gerdeman). It is a first record for the region (accepted by TN Bird Records Committee Dec 2023) and the furthest inland record of this subspecies by more than 400 miles.

Wilson’s Phalaropes occurred in average numbers for recent years in west TN, but were fairly scarce elsewhere in the region. Fifteen at Chickasaw NWR, Lauderdale Co on 22 Apr (Daniel Redwine, Ruben Stoll, Mark Greene) was a seasonal high count.  Red-necked Phalaropes occurred in five locations. In KY, there were five at Horseshoe Bend Sloughs, Henderson Co on 21 May (ph. Julia Farmer, m.ob.), and one at Minor E Clark Fish Hatchery in Rowan Co on 29 May (David J. Svetich, ph. Nancy Braun). Down in Tennessee, a flyby occurred at Snow Bunting Peninsula on Old Hickory Lake in Davidson Co on 12 May (Michael Smith, ph. Graham Gerdeman, m.ob.); another was seen for two days at Ensley from 19–20 May; and a third was reported at Chickamauga Dam, Hamilton Co on 26 May (ph. Tim Lenz).

Gulls through Pelicans

Always rare but more regular during the Winter season, two Little Gulls were found in the region, both in Tennessee. One at Concord Park in Knox Co on 15 Mar (ph. Ben McGrew), and another off of Mud Island, Shelby Co on 21 Mar (Cameron Rutt). Laughing Gulls were only slightly more abundant, with sightings in both states. One was seen at Reelfoot Lake, Obion Co, TN on 21 Apr (Ruben Stoll); followed by one in Fayette Co, KY on 6 May (ph. Rex Graham); one in Hamilton Co, TN on 11 May (ph. Tim Lenz); one in Jefferson Co, KY on 22 May (ph. David Bailey, mo.b.); and finally there were two at Edgar Evins SP, Dekalb Co, TN on 25 May (ph. Mark Taylor).

An Arctic Tern was reported at Duck River on 20 May (ph. Ruben Stoll). If accepted, it would be the sixth record for the region. It was reported along with 167 Common Terns (ph. Ruben Stoll), which itself represents a third highest count for the region.

Higher than usual numbers of Red-throated Loons continued from Winter in Tennessee. Four were reported from Anderson Road Rec Area on J. Percy Priest Lake, Davidson Co on 12 Mar (ph. Avery Fish). It was likely the same group reported again from the Seven Points Rec Area roughly a mile across the water on 18 Mar (Brad Dowd). Two were reported on Old Hickory Lake at Snow Bunting Peninsula, Davidson Co on 22 Mar (Robert Deegan). Pacific Loons were reported in five locations from four TN counties. A seasonal high count of two was reported several times from J. Percy Priest Lake, Davidson Co, the latest sighting being on 13 Apr (ph. Graham Gerdeman). A very late Pacific Loon in full alternate plumage was found on Old Hickory Lake, Sumner Co on 8 May (ph. Tim Loyd) and seen by many others from the Davidson Co side on the same day (ph. Graham Gerdeman, m.ob.). This constitutes the second most late spring date for Tennessee.

Anhingas have been making an historic recovery in TN of late, with a nesting colony of as many as 25 birds discovered in a non-public section of Meeman-Shelby Forest, Shelby Co in 2022, the first large colony known since the 1940s (The Migrant 93(2): 37-41, 2022). This season, a high count of five were reported from the general area from 12 Apr–13 May. No survey of the actual colony itself was publicly reported. Five were also reported from the Tennessee NWR, Henry Co on 1 May (ph. Robert Wheat). A male and female pair were observed on the other side of the state at the Volkswagen Wetland, Hamilton Co on 12 Apr (Pete Robinson). Two were at the Bogota WMA, Dyer Co on 22 May (ph. Mark Greene). Individual Anhingas were reported multiple times from Duck River from 23 Apr–6 May (m.ob.), and also from Kyker Bottoms, Blount Co from 27–29 Mar (ph. Randy Winstead, m.ob.), and lastly from Reelfoot NWR, Obion Co on 30 May (ph. Daniel Redwine). Neotropic Cormorants are exhibiting similar expansion, likely due to increasingly warmer climates. They were reported from five counties in TN, but were present all season at Duck River with as many as five individuals reported on 20 May (ph. Ruben Stoll), including recently fledged young. Successful nesting was first confirmed here in 2021, but was not documented in 2022. A review species in KY, two Neotropic Cormorants were reported throughout the season at Barkley Dam, Lyon and Livingston Cos until a last sighting on 15 Mar (Melissa Easley).

A lone Brown Pelican was reported on Lyons Bend, Knox Co, TN on 23 May (Susan Hoyle). There are around 30 records of this species for the state, with almost half of those coming in the last eight years.

Herons through Falcons

American Bitterns were reported in much higher than average numbers throughout the season in Tennessee from 16 counties from 18 Mar–16 May, with five locations reporting two or more birds. A high count of four was reported from Standifer Gap Marsh, Hamilton Co on 15 Apr (Avery Fish) where one to three birds were reported regularly from 25 Mar–5 May. Three were reported from Duck River on 23 Apr (ph. Ruben Stoll). In Kentucky, individual American Bitterns were reported from seven counties from 13 Apr–7 May. Least Bitterns were reported from three Kentucky counties from 6–22 May and from five counties in Tennessee from 18 Mar–16 May.

An early Little Blue Heron at Lentz Pond, Jefferson Co, KY on 17 Mar set a new state early record for the species. Very rare for Kentucky, a Tricolored Heron was reported at Fishpond Lake, Letcher Co, KY on 13 May (ph. Jennifer Honeycutt), marking the state’s 17th record. A single Glossy Ibis was reported at Sauerheber from 18–22 Apr (ph. David Stone, m.ob.) where a flyover Plegadis ibis had been reported 14 Apr (Keith Michalski), not identified to species. There was a TN report of a single Glossy Ibis at Ensley on 15 May (ph. Tricia Vesely). There were also single reports of White-faced Ibis in each state: one at Chickasaw NWR, Lauderdale Co, TN 21–22 Apr (ph. Ruben Stoll, Mark Greene, Daniel Redwine); one at Curry Pike Marsh Ponds, Mercer Co, KY on 23 Apr (ph. Nancy Braun, m.ob.). A very late Plegadis ibis species was reported at Riverport Road Sloughs, Shelby Co, TN on 31 May (Ted Cable), not identified to species.

Though they roam in the fall, there are very few spring reports of Swallow-tailed Kite in the region. One was observed in Blount Co, TN on 23 Apr (Richard Caylor). Another report came in of a single bird at Bowling Green, Warren Co, KY on 6 May (Sandy Townsend). A few Golden Eagles lingered into spring, with one east of Munfordville, Hart Co, KY being the latest reported for the region. A notably early Broad-winged Hawk in Trenton, Gibson Co, TN on 6 Mar (ph. Mark Greene) appears to be the third earliest returning spring date on record for the state. Swainson’s Hawk has become nearly annual in Tennessee over the past decade, with more than 25 records. Two were reported: one at Ensley on 22 Apr (ph. Cameron Rutt), and another across the state at Seven Islands Birding Park, Knox Co on 3 May (ph. Kay White Carter).

The continuing Burrowing Owl at the New Johnsonville TVA site, Humphreys Co, TN was caught and banded by Dr. Scott Rush from MS State Univ on 9 Mar. It was determined by plumage to belong to the western subspecies A. c. hypugaea (Rush, Naveda-Rodríguez, Hamrick 2023). The owl was last recorded on its monitor camera flying off on Easter afternoon 9 Apr (Becky Seaton fide Graham Gerdeman).

There were multiple late May reports of Merlin around the 2022 nesting territory in Jefferson Co, KY. A final report was from 3 Jun (Brainard Palmer-Ball, Jr.). If accepted, a single Prairie Falcon reported at Duck River on 23 Apr (ph. Ruben Stoll) represents an apparent 18th record for Tennessee.

Flycatchers through Sparrows

A Scissor-tailed Flycatcher report from Sumner Co, TN on 2 Apr (ph. Melissa James, m.ob.) tied the earliest spring record for the state.

The breeding population of Bell’s Vireo has increased markedly in Tennessee the past couple of years. Singing birds were reported throughout the season in six locations from four counties outside of their regular location at Ft. Campbell. Eleven birds at Thorny Cypress WMA, Dyer Co on 15 May (ph. Daniel Redwine) marked a new high count for the state.

Successful nesting of Fish Crows in Shelby Bottoms Park, Davidson Co, TN was documented for the first time on 19 Apr (ph. Phillip Casteel). This species has expanded tremendously throughout the region and has been regular in this Nashville locale since first appearing in 2021.

A lingering Winter Wren reported at the KY Dept of Fish and Wildlife Resources Headquarters, Franklin Co on 19 May (Gary Sprandel) sets a new late spring record for that state.

There were a number of reports of Evening Grosbeak throughout the region. In Kentucky, a long-staying flock in Morgan Co was first reported on 2 Mar (Rickey Shive) with peak numbers of 31 on 26 Mar (Pam Spaulding) and last reported on 9 May (Richey Shive). A flock was also reported in Meade Co on 20 Apr (ph. Trish Turner). Single birds were reported in Butler Co 10–11 and 29 Mar (ph. Nancy Cardwell) and in Morehead, Rowan Co on 23 Apr (ph. Randy Perry). Two were reported from downtown Lexington, Fayette Co on 15 May (ph. Chris Poore). In Tennessee, a flock of six was reported at the Land Between the Lakes South Information Center, Stewart Co on 14 Mar (ph. Don Blunk); up to five at an area feeder in Blount Co 26–28 Mar (ph. Kathryn Barrow, m.ob.); two from Washington Co on 6 Apr (Mary Barrett); and as many as eight daily at a feeder in Hohenwald, Lewis Co from 24 Mar–19 Apr (ph. Cindi Choate Baxter).

There was only one report of a single lingering Lapland Longspur in Washington Co, TN on 3 Mar (Debi Campbell). A single Clay-colored Sparrow was reported at Ensley 2–4 Mar (ph. Sam Wilson, m.ob.). A vagrant Harris’s Sparrow was reported at Shelby Farms Park, Shelby Co, TN 25–29 Mar (ph. Tricia Vesely, m.ob.). A late report of an overwintering Harris’s Sparrow was also documented in Graves Co, KY on 23 Apr (ph. Brainard Palmer-Ball, Jr.) and last reported on 25 April (ph. Marta Coleman fide Brainard Palmer-Ball, Jr.). This has been an annually recurring location since winter 2018–2019. There was only one report of Leconte’s Sparrow from Kentucky: a single bird at Surrey Hills Farm, Jefferson Co on 30 Mar and 3–7 Apr (Brainard Palmer-Ball, Jr., Mark Monroe, ph. David Bailey, m.ob.). In Tennessee, there were numerous reports in areas of appropriate habitat in West Tennessee, including as many as nine reported at Shelby Farms Park-Gardner Road Marsh, Shelby Co on 2 Apr (ph. Cameron Rutt); a report of 14 at Duck River on 18 Mar (ph. Daniel Redwine, Ruben Stoll) was a new state high count for spring. Far less common of the Ammospiza sparrows in the region, there were two reports of Nelson’s Sparrows: one of a single bird at Garvin Brown Nature Preserve, Jefferson Co, KY on 13 May (ph. Michael Autin); and two birds at Chickasaw NWR, Lauderdale Co, TN on 17 May (ph. au. Daniel Redwine). A visiting Spotted Towhee continued from the winter season at a private location in Paris, Henry Co, TN until last reported on 1 Apr (ph. Robert Wheat).

Blackbirds through Buntings

Never an expected species, single Yellow-headed Blackbirds were reported in four Tennessee counties: one from Shelby Farms-Gardner Road Marsh, Shelby Co from 5–6 May (ph. Ryan Pudwell, Adrian Hall); one at a private home in Blount Co on 9 Apr (ph. Nancy Crandall); one at a private farm in Perry Co on 10 May (ph. Johnny Troyer); and one at Limestone, Washington Co on 29 May (ph. Warren Massey). Western Meadowlarks are reported almost annually in the western coastal plain region of Tennessee. There were reports from four counties, a higher figure than in the average year. Single birds were reported from Dyer Co on 6 Mar (Daniel Redwine); from Lake Co on 6 and 23 Mar (Daniel Redwine, Alan Troyer), and from Shelby Farms, Shelby Co on 19 Mar (ph. Cameron Rutt). Reports of two birds came in from Obion Co on 10 Mar (ph. Mark Greene) and from Ensley on 17 Mar (ph. Rob Harbin, m.ob.). An exceedingly rare record of a single bird further east came from Duck River on 4 Mar (Ruben Stoll). It is not uncommon for some transient Brewer’s Blackbirds to linger into Spring. They were recorded from seven counties in the region from 12 Mar–4 Apr.

The continuing Western Tanager in the St. Regis Park area of Louisville, Jefferson Co, KY was last reported on 1 Apr (Rick Sullivan fide Brainard Palmer-Ball, Jr.).

Painted Bunting is very rare in Tennessee outside of Shelby Co, where they breed locally. One was reported at Cheatham WMA, Cheatham Co on 2 May (Daniel Redwine).


Rush SA, Naveda-Rodríguez A, Hamrick EB (2023) New overwintering location of Burrowing Owl, Athene cunicularia hypugaea (Molina, 1782) (Strigidae) in Tennessee, USA, with diet assessed through pellets. Check List 19 (6): 863–868. https://doi.org/10.15560/19.6.863

eBird. 2023. eBird: An online database of bird distribution and abundance [web application]. eBird, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York. Available: http://www.ebird.org. (Accessed: 30 Dec 2023).

Photos–Tennessee & Kentucky: Spring 2023

This Eastern Willet foraging in a flock of Western Willets on 5 May 2023 represents a first Tennessee record and an extraordinary inland sighting. Photo © Graham Gerdeman.

A continuing juvenile Trumpeter Swan was joined by a second in Oldham Co, Kentucky, where they continued until last reported 27 May 2023. The pair were photographed together here on 24 May 2023. Photo © Christine Hayden.

Two Red Knots north of Uniontown, Union Co, Kentucky constituted only a fifth spring record for the state. One is pictured here from 21 May 2023. Photo © James Wheat.

Only a one-day wonder, Kentucky’s 17th Tricolored Heron was found on Fishpond Lake in Letcher Co on 13 May 2023. Photo © Jennifer Honeycutt.