Ontario: Fall 2023

Fall 2023: 1 Aug–30 Nov

Adam Capparelli
adam.capparelli@mail.utoronto.ca

Aaron Rusak
afrusak@gmail.com

Recommended citation:

Capparelli, A., and A. Rusak. 2024. Fall 2023: Ontario. <https://wp.me/p8iY2g-h9M> North American Birds.

We would like to extend our gratitude to Blake A. Mann, and Brian Ratcliff for regional reporting and Andrew Keaveney for assistance in data logistics.

From a temperature perspective, fall 2023 was a tumultuous one with alternating periods of warmer and colder than normal temperatures, especially towards the end of the season. Early September saw the warmest day of the year for many locations in Southern Ontario with temperatures approaching the mid 30’s. Towards the end of November, temperatures strayed back into above normal values, marking a mild end to the fall and start of the winter period. However, despite these swings in temperature patterns, the overall temperature trend for the province this fall was near normal. The fall was light on storms and precipitation, with most areas seeing normal to below normal precipitation levels.

Pine Siskins have been the star of this season’s winter finch movement, with large numbers being reported across Southern Ontario. Purple Finches have also been well represented this fall. Red Crossbills have continued their push into the south and south-central regions as well, although in smaller numbers than the above two species. White-winged Crossbills have also made some movements into the south, while reports of Evening and Pine Grosbeaks have been minimal, as predicted by the winter finch forecast.

From an overall rarities perspective, Fall 2023 has been excellent, with several birds recorded with fewer than five historical records. Unfortunately many of them were not chaseable or only present for short periods of time. The diversity of the standout rarities was also excellent with birds from the Pacific, Atlantic, southwest and southeast all represented this fall.

Notable rarities included Limpkin, Dovekie, Thick-billed Murre, Ancient Murrelet, Short-billed Gull, Glaucous-winged Gull, Royal Tern, Northern Fulmar, Manx Shearwater, Roseate Spoonbill, Dusky Flycatcher, Western Flycatcher, Ash-throated Flycatcher, Fieldfare, Brewer’s Sparrow, and MacGillivray’s Warbler.

Waterfowl through Alcids

Starting off the waterfowl section is a hybrid Barnacle x Cackling Goose that stuck around for quite a while, being seen from 25 Oct–12 Nov in Markham, York RM (Jax Nasimok). Two Mute Swans lingered in northern Ontario, continuing from Jun–22 Oct in Wawa, Algoma Dist (m. ob.). There were several Eurasian Wigeon records as well being seen on 1 Oct in Kingston, Frontenac Co (Dianne Croteau, Richard Brault), 28 Oct–27 Nov in Ingleside, Stormont, Dundas, and Glengarry Co (Colin Gaskell), 5–19 Nov in the City of Hamilton (Rob Dobos), and 10–19 Nov in Erieau, Chatham-Kent Co (Stephen R. Charbonneau). There was also an observation of a Eurasian x American Wigeon from 11–18 Nov in Erieau, Chatham-Kent Co (Allanah Vokes). Northern Ontario hosted a number of rarities this fall, with the first in this list being a Harlequin Duck on 4 Nov in Netitishi Point, Cochrane Dist (Jeff H. Skevington, m. ob.). The only other odd duck hybrid was a Bufflehead x Common Goldeneye on 8 Nov in Kingston, Frontenac Co (Kathy Webb, William Depew). Several Barrow’s Goldeneyes were also spotted across Ontario, with records on 7 Nov–Dec in Owen Sound, Grey Co (William Gray), 9–11 Nov in Stoney Creek, City of Hamilton (Richard Poort), 10 Nov–Dec in Whitby, Durham RM (Walter Sliva), and 26 Nov–Dec on Big Island, Prince Edward Co (Paul Jones).

This was a fabulous year for rare grebes with widespread reports of Eared Grebe from Wellington, Haldimand, Perth, Essex, Lambton, Chatham-Kent, Eldin, Lanark, and Northumberland Cos, York and Halton RMs, Algoma Dist, and the Cities of Toronto and Hamilton. There were also several different records of Western Grebes, with a bird lingering from Jul–4 Aug in the City of Toronto (m. ob.) and records on 7–10 Oct in Sundridge, Parry Sound Dist (Stuart A. Mackenzie), 4–5 Nov in Rondeau Provincial Park, Chatham-Kent Co (Stephen R. Charbonneau), and 27 Nov–Dec in Burlington, Halton RM (Joanne Redwood).

A Eurasian Collared-Dove was seen in northern Ontario from 5–20 Oct at Batwing Lake, Thunder Bay Dist (Nancy Ward). Another dove species that made its way north was a White-winged Dove that was seen on 6 Aug at Thunder Cape, Thunder Bay Dist (Rinchen Boardman). A Common Gallinule also was observed much north of its regular range on 20–28 Aug in New Liskeard, Timiskaming Dist (Serge Gendron). There were Purple Gallinule sightings across the province including a long-staying one, with records on 27 Oct in Presqu’ile Provincial Park, Northumberland Co (Doug McRae), 29 Oct–26 Nov in Ingleside, Stormont, Dundas, and Glengarry Co (Marc Jalbert), and 12 Nov in Leamington, Essex Co (Cindy Andrews). The influx of Limpkins across North America brought one to Ontario that lingered for months from 6 Aug–6 Nov on the Mississippi River, Lanark Co (Nui Esser). This became the third record, and while it took a personal watercraft to access the viewing area, those who missed the second record earlier in the spring (Simcoe Co.) were happy to venture out.

Two Black-necked Stilts continued from the spring being recorded from May–3 Aug in Strathroy, Middlesex Co (m. ob.) and May–15 Aug in Drayton, Wellington Co (m. ob.). A few American Avocets showed up along their fall migration with records on 14–15 Aug in Drayton, Wellington Co (Sarah Labrie), 16 Aug in Oliphant, Bruce Co (Patrick Scanlon), 1 Oct in Port McNicoll, Simcoe Co (Anthony Taliana), and 6 Oct in London, Middlesex Co (Paul Nicolson). A few potential breeding Piping Plovers were present from May–8 Aug in Presqu’ile Provincial Park, Northumberland Co (fide iNaturalist) and May–1 Sept at Wasaga Beach, Simcoe Co (m. ob.), as well as a migrant individual being seen on 17–21 Aug in Rondeau Provincial Park, Chatham-Kent Co (Stephen R. Charbonneau). A Baird’s Sandpiper showed up quite late during fall migration, being seen on 20–24 Nov in Blenheim, Chatham-Kent Co (Stephen R. Charbonneau). Western Sandpipers were seen in two different locations during fall migration, appearing on 1–5 Oct in Presqu’ile Provincial Park, Northumberland Co (Marie Wannamaker, Lisa Corbeil) and 14 Oct in Port Colborne, Niagara RM (Jean Farnan, Blayne Farnan). This was also an incredible year for seeing a Red Phalarope during fall migration, with widespread reports in Essex, Brant, Prince Edward, Lambton, Elgin, Simcoe, and Chatham-Kent Cos, the cities of Ottawa, Toronto, and Hamilton, and Cochrane and Sudbury Dists. A good number of Willet were seen throughout the province with records on 12 Aug in the City of Hamilton (Markus Legzdins), 25 Aug in Port Burwell, Elgin Co (Brian Morin), 27 Aug in Rondeau, Chatham-Kent Co (James T. Burk), 30 Aug in Coldwater, Simcoe Co (Sue Deadman), and 30 Aug–5 Sept in the City of Toronto (Will Heikoop).

This was a fantastic fall for alcids in many locations in North America, including Ontario, with four different species being seen in the province. The first species was a Dovekie being seen on 9 Nov in Grand Bend, Lambton Co (Joshua Bouman, Brandon R. Holden). The second species was a Thick-billed Murre being seen on 7 Nov in Netitishi Point, Cochrane Dist (Max Segler, m. ob.), pending OBRC approval. Ontario’s third species of alcid was a Razorbill also seen on 7 Nov in Netitishi Point, Cochrane Dist (Jeff H. Skevington, m. ob.), pending OBRC approval. Ontario’s last species was Ancient Murrelet, which had several reports despite its rarity, being seen on 7 Nov in Sarnia, Lambton Co (Deryl Nethercott), 16 Nov in the City of Hamilton (Keith Dieroff), and 17 Nov in Burlington, Halton RM (Markus Legzdins, m. ob.).

Gulls through Spoonbills

Black-legged Kittiwakes were widespread across Ontario this fall, with records in Bruce, Norfolk, Essex, Northumberland, Lambton, and Stormont, Dundas, and Glengarry Cos, Cochrane Dist, the City of Hamilton, Parry Sound Dist, and Niagara and Durham RMs. Three Sabine’s Gulls cropped up in central Ontario with records on 9–10 Sep on Lake Dore, Renfrew Co (Jon P. Ruddy), 10 Sep in Alliston, Simcoe Co (Willem Span), and 16–18 Sep on Lake Dore, Renfrew Co (Jon P. Ruddy). A lone Laughing Gull was also spotted on 12 Aug in Barrie, Simcoe Co (fide iNaturalist). Ontario had several Franklin’s Gull move through in the fall, with records on 26 Aug in the City of Toronto (Noam Markus), 27–30 Aug in Rondeau Provincial Park, Chatham-Kent Co (Stephen R. Charbonneau), 1 Sep in Point Clark, Bruce Co (James Turland, Simon Turland), 23 Sep at Kettle Point, Lambton Co (Lucas Foerster), 25 Sep at Rondeau Provincial Park, Chatham-Kent Co (Stephen R. Charbonneau), 7 Oct in Point Pelee National Park, Essex Co (Michael McAllister), 9 Oct in Port Ryerse, Norfolk Co (William G. Lamond), 19–20 Oct in Brantford, Brant Co (William G. Lamond), and 27 Sep in Fort Erie, Niagara RM (Jean Farnan, Blayne Farnan). An exceptional record of a Short-billed Gull lingered for several days allowing many birders to view it on 26 Oct–11 Nov in Cobden, Renfrew Co (Jon P. Ruddy). A one-day wonder California Gull was seen at Point Pelee National Park, Essex Co (Jeremy L. Hatt, Cameron Chevalier). Slaty-backed Gulls are becoming more regular visitors to Ontario, with records on 4 Nov at Netitishi Point, Cochrane Dist (Max Segler, m. ob.) and 7–8 Nov in Brantford, Brant Co (William G. Lamond, Sarah Lamond). The last gull rounding out the winter was a Glaucous-winged Gull that stuck around for a few days from 25–27 Nov in Leamington, Essex Co (Jeremy L. Hatt, Cameron Chevalier). Two Arctic Terns also managed to make their way south with a record on 24 Sep in the City of Hamilton (Markus Legzdins) and 19 Oct in Leamington, Essex Co (Jeremy M. Bensette, Kate Derbyshire). A flyby Royal Tern also made a short appearance on 25 Aug in Oshawa, Durham RM (James Kamstra).

Pacific Loons are becoming more common fall vagrants with widespread reports from Simcoe, Essex, Chatham-Kent, Lambton, Prescott and Russell, and Stormont, Dundas, and Glengarry Cos, Halton and Durham RMs, and Cochrane Dist. Another incredible addition to the list from northern Ontario was an amazing record of 8 Northern Fulmars on 7 Nov in Netitishi Point, Cochrane Dist (Lev Frid, Jeff H. Skevington, m. ob.). Van Wagners produced another incredible rarity, with a Manx Shearwater being seen on 9 Sept in the City of Hamilton (Adam Capparelli). Several long-staying Neotropic Cormorants were spotted in Ontario, with records on 11 Aug–14 Sep in Vaughan, York RM (David Wallace), 14 Aug in Long Point, Norfolk Co (Stuart A. Mackenzie), and 17 Aug–11 Oct in Kingston, Frontenac Co (Erwin Batalla). There were two American White Pelicans seen outside of their usual range on 6 Aug in Red Bay, Bruce Co (David Dickson) and 19 Aug in Long Point, Norfolk Co (m. ob.).

This fall produced a large number of vagrant herons and egrets, with several rare species coming in unusual numbers to the province. Snowy Egrets were recorded on 3 Aug in Strathroy, Middlesex Co (Deborah Arrand), 11–12 Aug in Leamington, Essex Co (Jeremy L. Hatt), 26 Aug in Long Point, Norfolk Co (Samuel Perfect), 3–21 Sep in Long Point, Norfolk Co (Ryan Leys), and 17 Oct in Presqu’ile Provincial Park, Northumberland Co (Gerard Phillips). Little Blue Herons made several appearances with records on 3–4 Aug in Oxley, Essex Co (Tristan Snip), 8–24 Aug in Amherstburg, Essex Co (Kory J. Renaud), 27 Sep in Waterloo, Waterloo RM (Jennifer Fillingham), 29 Sep–3 Oct in Collingwood, Simcoe Co (Jack Starret), and 8 Oct–11 Nov in the City of Hamilton/Burlington, Halton RM (Rob Dobos, Dave Don). Cattle Egrets were widespread across the province with records on 20 Sep in Mar, Bruce Co (Jarmo Jalava), 21 Oct in Long Point, Norfolk Co (Denis Lepage, Ewan Fenelon), 25 Oct at Erie Beach, Chatham-Kent Co (James T. Burk), 28 Oct in Rondeau, Chatham-Kent Co (Paul Pratt), 31 Oct in Sudbury, Greater Sudbury Dist (fide Bruce Gates), 31 Oct–4 Nov in Blenheim, Chatham-Kent Co (Stephen R. Charbonneau), 7 Nov in Long Point, Norfolk Co (Stuart A. Mackenzie), 15 Nov in Port Franks, Lambton Co (James M. Holdsworth), and 19–20 Nov in Shrewsbury, Chatham-Kent Co (Debbie Hornsby-Porter). Rounding out the heron section was three records of Yellow-crowned Night-Heron on 2 Aug–8 Oct in the City of Toronto (Margaret Hough), 16 Aug–6 Sep in Leamington, Essex Co (Dorlisa Robinson), and 26 Sep–13 Oct in Penetanguishene, Simcoe Co (Nancy Lance). A Glossy/White-faced Ibis was spotted on 25 Sep in Port Burwell, Elgin Co (Aaron Allensen), but was unable to be confirmed to species. Finally, one of the most incredible fall observations was an incredible record(s) of Roseate Spoonbill, with an individual being seen on 18 Aug in Paris, Brant Co (Sarah Lamond, Eric Lamond, William G. Lamond), 12 Sep in Brookdale, Oxford Co (Scott Francis), and 13–17 Sep in Aylmer, Elgin Co (fide iNaturalist, m. ob.).

Raptors through Wheatears

Away from Niagara, Black Vultures were reported 2 Aug near Perth, Lanark Co (Jon P. Ruddy), 24 Oct in Oshawa, Durham RM (Mike Ferguson, Tyler Hoar), and 1 Nov near Port Burwell, Elgin Co (Aaron Allensen). A Swallow-tailed Kite was present from 18 Aug–2 Sep in LaSalle, Essex Co (Mark Nenadov, Dane Clark); it was then seen farther south on 3 Sep in Point Pelee National Park, Essex Co (m. ob.). Migrating Swainson’s Hawks were seen on 10 Sep in Point Pelee National Park, Essex Co (Cherise Charron), 13 Sep in Cabot Head, Bruce Co (Stephane Menu), and 14 Nov in Amherstburg, Essex Co (Hugh Kent). A hybrid Red-shouldered x Red-tailed Hawk was spotted on 8 Sep in the City of Ottawa (Natasha Artemeva). It was an excellent fall for rare flycatchers in the province, although almost all of them were unfortunately not chaseable. The second and third records of Dusky Flycatcher for Ontario were a bird banded at Hilliardton, Timiskaming Dist (Hilliardton Marsh Research and Education Centre) and amazingly, a bird on the coast of James Bay at Netitishi Point, Cochrane Dist on 5 Nov (Jeff H. Skevington, m. ob.). A long overdue first for Ontario, a Western Flycatcher was present at Rondeau Provincial Park, Chatham-Kent Co from 25–26 Nov (Stephen R. Charbonneau). An Ash-throated Flycatcher was banded at Thunder Cape, Thunder Bay Dist on 22 Oct (Thunder Cape Bird Observatory). A few Western Kingbirds were around this fall, with birds reported on 23 Aug at LaSalle, Essex Co (fide Brett Fried), 29 Aug on Long Point, Norfolk Co (Lucas Liu), 9–11 Sep at Prince Edward Point, Prince Edward Co (Phillip Mercier), 16 Sep in Terrace Bay, Thunder Bay Dist (Pegg L. Campbell, Mark Campbell), and 16 Nov in London, Middlesex Co (Joanne Does, Margo Does).

White-eyed Vireos were widespread with reports from Frontenac, Norfolk, Peterborough, Lambton, Lanark, and Bruce Cos, the Cities of Toronto and Ottawa, and Durham and York RMs. A late Yellow-throated Vireo was photographed on 4 Nov in Bowmanville, Durham RM (Matthew Tobey). A late Philadelphia Vireo was first seen on 25 Nov and continued into December in London, Middlesex Co (Reuven Martin). A Loggerhead Shrike seen on 14 Aug near Almonte, Lanark Co was notable for eastern Ontario (Sarah Jones). A number of Black-billed Magpies are still being reported east of Northwestern Ontario: the long staying bird in Echo Lake, Algoma Dist is still present (Lacey Reid), the birds first reported in June near St. Thomas, Elgin Co were last reported on 25 Oct (m. ob.), additional records were: 29 Aug near Little Current, Manitoulin Dist (Sheldon McGregor), 5 Sep in Wanapitei Provincial Park, City of Greater Sudbury (Harrison Rollins), 9 Sep at an undisclosed location in Lanark Co (fide Erin Wilson), and 4 Nov in London, Middlesex Co (Michele Carniere) and Thunder Bay, Thunder Bay Dist (Lynda Sisco, Susan Craig).

Notable Fish Crows were reported from 27 Oct into December in Kingston, Frontenac Co (Sharon David), 11 Nov in St. George, Brant Co (James Lees), and 24 Nov in Sarnia, Lambton Co (Deryl Nethercott). A Blue-gray Gnatcatcher banded on 22 Sep at Thunder Cape, Thunder Bay Dist was a good bird for Northwestern Ontario (Rinchen Boardman). A Carolina Wren first reported in early September continued into December in Haileybury, Timiskaming Dist (Chris Pritchard). A number of Townsend’s Solitaires were seen in the latter half of the fall: 22 Oct in Cabot Head, Bruce Co (Stephane Menu), 31 Oct in Silver Islet, Thunder Bay Dist (Allan Harris, Brian Ratcliff), 11 Nov in Kingston, Frontenac Co (Paul Martin), 12 Nov in the City of Ottawa (Mark Bosc), 18 Nov at Sturgeon Bay, Thunder Bay Dist (Allan Gilbert), 19 Nov into December in Point Pelee National Park, Essex Co (Jeremy M. Bensette, Kate Derbyshire), 19 Nov in Little Pigeon Bay, Thunder Bay Dist (Allan Harris), and 21 Nov in Pass Lake, Thunder Bay Dist (Lindy T. Wagenaar). Varied Thrushes were present from at least 29 Oct into December in Sioux Lookout, Kenora Dist (Rose Pogoda), 30 Oct–8 Nov near Government Landing, Rainy River Dist (Bob Saunders), and 27 Nov in Port Dover, Norfolk Co (Barry Jones). A Fieldfare, only the fourth record for Ontario, created a lot of excitement and was present from 29 Nov into December in the community of Sturgeon Falls, Nipissing Dist (Julie Belliveau). This is only the second time this species has been twitchable in the province, the last being a bird in west end Toronto over 30 years ago. A Northern Wheatear was reported from Fort Hope, Kenora Dist on 7 Sep; this record has yet to be reviewed by the provincial records committee (Abuti Sechaba).

Old World Sparrows through Buntings

A flock of five House Sparrows on 30 Oct in Moosonee, Cochrane Dist is the first record of that species from James Bay in several years (m. ob.). Eurasian Tree Sparrows were reported from 14–16 Aug and 15–17 Sep in Rossport, Thunder Bay Dist (Gordon Smith, Joan Campbell Smith), 7–8 Nov near Crozier, Rainy River Dist (Connie Schwartz), and 9 Nov into the winter in Thessalon, Algoma Dist (Trent Massey). Most provincial records of Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch are from the northwest. With only a handful of records from southern Ontario a bird present from 12–13 Nov in Mapleton, Elgin Co was very exciting (Michele Carniere). Ontario’s second Brewer’s Sparrow was present from 25 Oct–18 Nov in Thunder Bay, Thunder Bay Dist, although it was extremely elusive and difficult to spot (Allan Gilbert). Lark Sparrows were present from 11–12 Oct on Long Point, Norfolk Co (Samuel Perfect, Andrew Jacobs, Stefani Matis) and 27–30 Nov in Wellington, Prince Edward Co (fide Stuart A. Mackenzie). A Lark Bunting was photographed on 31 Aug in Wharncliffe, Algoma Dist (Hope Boudah). Away from the northwest, notable Harris’s Sparrows were reported from 3–6 Oct in Sault Ste. Marie, Algoma Dist (Ron Johnston, Linda Johnston), 9–11 Oct in MacGregor Point Provincial Park, Bruce Co (m. ob.), 16–23 Oct in Guelph, Wellington Co (Mike Cadman), and 11 Nov in Port Rowan, Norfolk Co (Stuart A. Mackenzie). A Late LeConte’s Sparrow was seen on 18 Nov near Walsingham, Norfolk Co (Adam Timpf). A hybrid Song x Swamp Sparrow was an interesting find on 10 Oct on Long Point, Norfolk Co (Long Point Bird Observatory). A Spotted Towhee visited a feeder in Minnitaki, Kenora Dist on 18 Nov (Carolle Eady).

All three records of Yellow-breasted Chat this fall came from Long Point, Norfolk Co: 25–26 Aug (Vincent Giroux, Andra Florea), 5 Oct (Samuel Perfect), and 6 Oct (m. ob.). Notable reports of Yellow-headed Blackbird were: 2 Aug in Thunder Bay, Thunder Bay Dist (David Dahl), 8 Sep in Rossport, Thunder Bay Dist (Gordon Smith, Joan Campbell Smith), and sometime during the week of 17 Sep on Porphyry Island, Thunder Bay Dist (fide Sue Bryan). A Western Meadowlark seen in Point Pelee National Park, Essex Co on 5 Nov was a good find for Southern Ontario (Kenneth G. D. Burrell). A Bullock’s Oriole visited a feeder in West Montrose, Waterloo RM on 15 Nov (Glen Mercer). A Blue-winged Warbler photographed on 12 Nov in Port McNicoll, Simcoe Co was an extremely late record (Robert Codd, Susan Codd). A Prothonotary Warbler seen on 26 Aug was a good find in Belleville, Hastings Co (fide iNaturalist). Ontario’s second record of MacGillivray’s Warbler was banded on 28 Aug at Thunder Cape, Thunder Bay Dist (Rinchen Boardman). There have yet to be any chaseable records. A Hooded Warbler seen on 31 Aug in Thunder Bay, Thunder Bay Dist was an excellent record for Northwestern Ontario (John Woodcock).

A hybrid American Redstart x Magnolia Warbler was an interesting find on 11 Sep in the City of Hamilton (James Lees)—the first and only record in eBird. An extremely late (for Northwestern Ontario) Cape May Warbler visited a feeder on 17 Nov in Shuniah, Thunder Bay Dist (Michael Carter). Audubon’s Yellow-rumped Warblers were seen on 2 Nov in Point Pelee National Park, Essex Co (Cherise Charron) and from 30 Nov into December in Rondeau Provincial Park, Chatham-Kent Co (Blake A. Mann). Yellow-throated Warblers were reported from Presqu’ile Provincial Park, Northumberland Co on 13 Sep (Nicole Richardson) and Charwell Point, Prince Edward Co on 15 Nov (Peter Hogenbirk). Summer Tanagers were seen from 9–10 Nov in Peterborough, Peterborough Co (Chris Risley, Erica Nol) and 11–12 Nov in Orillia, Simcoe Co (Brolin Devine, Aiesha Aggarwal). A Western Tanager first reported on 27 Nov continued into December in the City of Ottawa (fide Jeff H. Skevington). The Blue Grosbeak first reported in June in Tilbury, Chatham-Kent Co was last seen on 14 Aug (m. ob.). Dickcissels were widespread with reports from Peterborough, Wellington, Norfolk, Essex, and Chatham-Kent Cos, and Nipissing, Algoma, and Thunder Bay Dists and the CIty of Toronto.

Report processed by Andrew Keaveney, 14 Jun 2024.

Photos–Ontario: Fall 2023

Ontario’s second record of a Roseate Spoonbill came during a year where they were getting spotted across North America. Three different locations hosted a Roseate Spoonbill this fall, with this one photographed in Alymer, Elgin Co on the 14th of September. Photo © William Konze.

Ontario’s second and third records of Dusky Flycatcher came in quick succession in the fall of 2023. This bird was the third record, found on the 5th of November in Netitishi Point, Cochrane Dist by a group of birders on a trip to northern Ontario. Photo © Amanda Guercio.

Ontario’s first Western Flycatcher was found the morning of the 25th of November in Rondeau Provincial Park, Chatham-Kent Co. It wasn’t until more definitive photos, such as this one, were taken on the morning of the 26th that the bird’s identity was confirmed. Unfortunately, it was not seen again after that. Photo © Josh Vandermeulen.

Only the second record for Ontario, this Brewer’s Sparrow, photographed here on October 25th when it was first found in Thunder Bay, Thunder Bay Dist, was present for several weeks but was extremely elusive, disappearing for days between sightings. Both Ontario records of Brewer’s Sparrow have been from Thunder Bay District. Photo © Allan Gilbert.